Common Eye Concerns
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Blepharitis is eye lid itching, burning, mild pain, foreign body sensation, tearing and crusting around the eyes upon awakening. The cause is unclear but infection plays an important role.
Cataracts are the natural deterioration of the proteins of the lens with progressive loss of transparency. When cloudiness and vision distortion begins to interfere with the patient’s daily function, the cataracts can be surgically removed.
Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye making it look pink. Causes include viral or bacterial infection, or allergy. Symptoms may include mucus or watery discharge, changes in the follicles of the eyelid, tearing and itching, redness and swelling. Recovery generally occurs within two weeks without treatment. Antibiotic drops and ointment can speed the healing process.
Diabetes can cause abnormal blood vessel growth, which may damage the retina of the eye. The following may occur: hemorrhages in the retinal blood vessels, development of fibrous tissue and retinal detachment. Blindness may be prevented or delayed by retinal laser surgery.
Dry Eye is also called keratoconjunctivitis sicca. It is common among the elderly population and individuals with certain diseases or illnesses. Dry eyes are caused by a decrease in the quality or quantity of the tear film. Symptoms may include irritation, a foreign-body sensation, and blurred vision. Treatments may include drops of artificial tears, or closure of the tear ducts with plugs.
Floaters are part of the normal aging process. They are small particles of dead cells, other debris, and vitreous (glassy) collagen fibers seen as spots or cobwebs. No treatment is required, and they are of no concern unless they suddenly increase in number. This may suggest a possible detachment of the retina.
Glaucoma exists when the pressure inside the eye is too high. It can cause blindness. Many of its forms have no symptoms, even while they gradually cause irreversible loss of vision. If detected early, medication or laser surgery can retard or prevent blindness.
Macular Degeneration is a degenerative disease usually affecting the elderly, and causing loss of central vision. Depending on the type of disease, laser surgery and/or steroid injection into the eye can slow the disease process.
Strabismus is a condition where the eyes are not aligned properly. It can result from congenital weakness of one or more of the muscles attached to the eye. It can also result from irregular optics, trauma, disease, or paralysis. Treatment may consist of prescription eyeglasses, prisms, patching an eye, or eye muscle surgery.